Horse Racing is very interesting sports Game. Horse race is the competition for horse velocity. Such competition is mainly in rug, gallop.
Horse Racing : History | Rules | Objects | Equipments
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
|Equipment||Horse, appropriate horse tack|
|Venue||Turf, dirt or synthetic surface race track suitable for horses|
It is one of the most ancient of all sports, as its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest over a set course or distance – has been mostly unchanged since at least classical antiquity.
Horse Racing History
Horse racing has a long and distinguished history and has been practised in civilisations across the world since ancient times. Archaeological records indicate that horse racing occurred in Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Babylon, Syria, and Egypt.
It also plays an important part of myth and legend, such as the contest between the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology.
- Ashwadhavan’s custom is very ancient, but the first Ashwadhavan contest, which is mentioned along with the date, dates back to 684 BC.
- Which was the 23rd Olympic competition. After 40 years, there was an equestrian competition at the 33rd Olympics for the first time.
- Ashwadhavan was one of the most popular sports in Greece and was considered a national sport.
- Like Greece, Ashwadhavan was also popular in Rome and was considered popular in sports. It is estimated that Ashwadhavan was promoted as a competition in the Roman domination period in Great Britain.
- In the beginning, these games were considered to be against the Christian religion. But religion could not suppress the attraction of this game. The first such game in Germany was also found in religious ceremonies.
Chariot racing was one of the most popular ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine sports. Both chariot and mounted horse racing were events in the ancient Greek Olympics by 648 BC and were important in the other Panhellenic Games.
It continued although chariot racing was often dangerous to both driver and horse, which frequently suffered serious injury and even death. And In the Roman Empire, chariot and mounted horse racing were major industries. From the mid-fifteenth, spring carnival in Rome closed with a horse race.
Horse Racing rules
The conditioning program for the horses varies depending on the race length. Genetics, training, age, and skeletal soundness are all factors that contribute to a horse’s performance.
- The flat races must be started from starting stalls and a starting gate.
- Important Rule of horse racing is steeple chases, hurdle races, and jump races must be started with a starting gate or a flag (requires special permission).
- In Emergency circumstances, any horse race, regardless of type, may be started with a flag as long as the starter decides this or the stewards permission has been sought.
- Wrong start will be declared if the starter considers that a horse has broken away before the race has started.
- The Riders of horse race must then attempt to ride their horses to the best of their ability in an attempt to win the race. Disqualifications and further sanctions may occur if, in the stewards opinion, the rider has not done this.
- The Riders of horse race must ride in a safe manner and follow the prescribed course, jumping every hurdle (if present).
- After completing the race, a rider must cross the finish line on his horse.
- It can Depend upon the particular race, there will usually be an amount of prize money to be split amongst the first, second and third finishers.
Also Anna Waller, a member of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of North Carolina, co-authored a four-year-long study of jockey injuries and stated to The New York Times that “For every 1,000 jockeys you have riding [for one year], over 600 will have medically treated injuries.”
The foremost object of this horse racing is to wining the race and creates a great deal of skill and insight from the jockey, as well as huge physical effort from the horse.
A short sprint race may be reasonably straightforward, longer races such as the Grand National, which are run over several miles need the jockey to race tactically, riding to their horse’s strengths and plotting the right time to strike for home.
In most horse races, entry is restricted to certain breeds; that is, the horse must have a sire (father) and a dam (mother) who are studbook-approved individuals of whatever breed is racing. For example, in a normal harness race, the horse’s sire and dam must both be pure Standardbreds.
Also The exception to this is in Quarter Horse racing, where an Appendix Quarter Horse may be considered eligible to race against (standard) Quarter Horses. The designation of “Appendix” refers to the addendum section, or Appendix, of the Official Quarter Horse registry.
An Appendix Quarter Horse is a horse that has either one Quarter Horse parent and one parent of any other eligible breed (such as Thoroughbred, the most common Appendix cross), two parents that are registered Appendix Quarter Horses, or one parent that is a Quarter Horse and one parent that is an Appendix Quarter Horse.
AQHA also issues a “Racing Register of Merit”, which allows a horse to race on Quarter Horse tracks, but not be considered a Quarter Horse for breeding purposes (unless other requirements are met).
A stallion who has won many races may be put up to stud when he is retired. But Artificial insemination and embryo transfer technology (allowed only in some breeds) have brought changes to the traditions and ease of breeding.
- The most important piece of ‘equipment’ in horse racing is the horse.
- Those suitable for horse racing include Thoroughbreds, Arabian horses, and Quarter horses. Differing national organisations may have their own rules as to what horses can compete.
- The Riders of this horse race wear a helmet and all carry a whip too.
- This can be a controversial piece of equipment as it is used to whip the horse to spur it on to go faster.
- During some foreign countries, jockeys are allowed to use the whip whenever and as much as they like, although some countries like the UK limit the number of times it can be facilitate to prevent any distress to the horse.