ICC introducing pink ball for Day/Night tests, keeping the conditions in mind. Here are some Different types of Balls used in Cricket.

Different types of Balls used in Cricket.

Cricket Ball plays an important role in a cricket game.


Traditionally red cricket balls had been used, but as time progressed, white cricket ball was introduced in the game. 

Recently, in few test matches, the pink ball is also used.

Cricket balls are made from a core of cork, which is layered with tightly wound string, and covered by a leather case with a slightly raised sewn seam.

Here are the Different types of Balls used in Cricket : 

Cricket Balls Based On Stitching Patterns

Two-piece Cricket Balls: In two-piece cricket balls, leather is shaped as two semi-sphere. A high-quality inner core is placed into two leather semi-spheres.

Skilled work does the stitching at two sides. Two-piece leather balls are used for entry-level cricket players.


The quality offered by two-piece leather balls is good but if you compared it with four pieces then there will be some difference in ball bounce.

Four Piece Cricket Balls:  In four-piece leather cricket balls, leather is cut into the quarter sphere.

The inner core is covered with four-piece of quarter sphere leather. Skilled workers do the sticking at four sides.

Four-piece leather balls give high-quality ball performance. All the clubs, leagues, and international cricket match used four-piece leather cricket balls.

Cricket Balls Based On Colors

Red color leather cricket balls:  Red color leather cricket balls are normally used in international test matches.

Red color leather balls offer better shine and swing to fast bowlers.

Also Red color balls are possible the best balls for cricket matches.

White Color Leather Cricket Balls: White cricket balls are used for limited over matches or one-day international or day-night cricket matches.

Different types of Balls used in Cricket.


These balls are designed to give close to red color ball performance. The main challenge with white cricket balls is to maintain the color and shine of the ball for the entire game.

In white cricket balls, ball color is achieved by rubbing the leather for a significant time. These are called natural leather color white balls.

Pink Color Leather Cricket Balls: Nowadays, Pink color balls are used in test matches as trials.

The first pink color ball is used in a test match between Australia and New Zealand at the Adelaide Oval in November 2015.

Different types of Balls used in Cricket.


Mainly there are 3 manufacturers of cricket balls in the world: Kookaburra, Duke and SG. While Kookaburra is used in most of the test playing nations, Duke is used in England and West Indies whereas India uses SG. Let’s get into the detail of each of them.


Kookaburra was established in 1890. It was named after it’s founder AG Thompson’s pet Kookaburra ‘Jacky’. They manufacture balls for test cricket,ODI’s and T20s.

Different types of Balls used in Cricket.

Besides that they also manufacture balls for hockey. They are undoubtedly the World No.1 cricket ball manufacturer.

The Red Kookaburra weighs about 156 g with a 4-piece construction. They are mostly machine made.

These balls offer less seam but helps the ball to swing for a maximum of 30 overs. They offer little help to the spinners. As the ball gets older, it becomes easy for the batsman to bat.

Duke Balls

The origin of Dukes cricket ball was in the year 1760 when the production began in Tonbridge. From then on they have been the leading cricket ball manufacturers in England.

Different types of Balls used in Cricket.

They are completely handmade and the quality is excellent. From test matches to T20s held in England, these balls are used. They are provided with a layer of lacquer making it look darker than the other two.

The bowlers obtain a lot of movement with the ball, especially in England conditions and the wear is less when compared to Kookaburra.

The batsmen are tested for a prolonged period of time as the shine is not lost so early as compared to Kookaburra or SG cricket balls.

SG (Sanspareils Greenlands) Balls

Sanspareils Co. was established in 1931 by brothers Kedarnath and Dwarkanath Anand in Sialkot(now in Pakistan).

The company used to manufacture sports goods initially. After independence,they moved back to India and rebuilt the company in UP(Meerut).

Different types of Balls used in Cricket.

As both the brothers were interested in cricket, they started to concentrate on it. Great players like Gavaskar started using their products.

Fast forward to 1991 when BCCI approved SG and it made its debut the same year. Since then, the Tests in India are played with this ball.

Even now the balls are handmade and have upright seam which remains in good condition even after one day of play. They lose their shine very quickly because of the dry wickets in India.

They are best suited for spinners because of a wider seam. After the shine goes off, they provide the bowlers with a lot of reverse swing. The swing off the new ball isn’t as prominent as it is in the other two.

So Kookaburra balls are fragile and loses it’s swing very quickly because of a narrower seam, whereas Duke doesn’t lose it’s shine easily and proves to be effective even when the ball gets old.

Once the Duke ball is old, it is used to get reverse swing just like SG balls. SG balls are designed for rough conditions with a wider seam and a better grip for the spinners. The pacers have their share when the ball starts to reverse.

By Rishabh

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *