Basketball is a game played between 2 teams of five players each on a rectangular court, usually indoors. Check out who invented Basketball.
Basic rules of Basketball, who invented Basketball ?
Over the years, thanks to development in sportsmanship and viewership, the game is much different from what it was originally.
There are two teams of five in basketball – offensive and defensive. The team with the basketball in hand becomes the offensive team while the other is defensive.
Here are the rules for both offense and defense. While some rules may differ from your area, these are the rules that are followed in most areas.
Rules for the offense
The basketball team on offense is the team with the basketball. When a player has the basketball there are certain rules they must follow:
1) The player must bounce, or dribble, the ball with one hand while moving both feet. If, at any time, both hands touch the ball or the player stops dribbling, the player must only move one foot. The foot that is stationary is called the pivot foot.
2) The basketball player can only take one turn at dribbling. In other words, once a player has stopped dribbling they cannot start another dribble.
A player who starts dribbling again is called for a double-dribbling violation and looses the basketball to the other team. A player can only start another dribble after another player from either team touches or gains control of the basketball. This is usually after a shot or pass.
3) The ball must stay in bounds. If the offensive team looses the ball out of bounds the other team gets control of the basketball.
4) The players hand must be on top of the ball while dribbling. If they touch the bottom of the basketball while dribbling and continue to dribble this is called carrying the ball and the player will lose the ball to the other team.
5) Once the offensive team crosses half court, they may not go back into the backcourt. This is called a backcourt violation. If the defensive team knocks the ball into the backcourt, then the offensive team can recover the ball legally.
The team on defense is the team without the basketball.
The main rule for the defensive player is not to foul. A foul is described as gaining an unfair advantage through physical contact.
There is some interpretation that has to be made by the referee, but, in general, the defensive player may not touch the offensive player in a way that causes the offensive player to lose the ball or miss a shot.
Rules for everyone
1) Although the foul rule is described above as a defensive rule, it applies exactly the same to all players on the court including offensive players.
2) Basketball players cannot kick the ball or hit it with their fist.
3) No player can touch the basketball while it is traveling downward towards the basket or if it is on the rim. This is called goaltending. (touching the ball on the rim is legal in some games).
Every player on the court is subject to the same rules regardless of the position they play. The positions in basketball are just for team basketball strategy and there are no positions in the rules.
Who invented Basketball ?
Basketball is built into the fabric of Springfield College.
The game was invented by Springfield College instructor and graduate student James Naismith in 1891, and has grown into the worldwide athletic phenomenon we know it to be today.
The story of how Naismith invented the game through a charge by Luther Gulick (then the College’s physical education superintendent) to come up with a new indoor activity that could be played by college students during the long New England winters is well known.
What isn’t often told is that he created the game in our Springfield College Humanics philosophy – educating students in spirit, mind, and body for leadership in service to others.
He would later recall that it was his commitment to the Springfield College philosophy of serving others that inspired him to create this great game – a game that soon spread beyond our campus, throughout New England, and around the world, impacting the lives of hundreds of millions across all ages.
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