A baseball game is played between two teams of nine players who each have nine innings. Check out Basic rules of baseball.
Basic rules of Baseball, Check it out here.
Baseball, game played with a bat, a ball, and gloves between two teams of nine players each on a field with four white bases laid out in a diamond (i.e., a square oriented so that its diagonal line is vertical).
Teams alternate positions as batters (offense) and fielders (defense), exchanging places when three members of the batting team are “put out.”
As batters, players try to hit the ball out of the reach of the fielding team and make a complete circuit around the bases for a “run.” The team that scores the most runs in nine innings (times at bat) wins the game.
Each team has three outs per inning before they then swap roles. Each inning can be broken down into the top (where the away team bats), and the bottom (where the home team bats).
While it is a newer sport in a cricket-loving country like India, it surely is an upcoming one. To understand the play and rules of the game better, we have listed down a few baseball rules that’ll help you get started more concisely.
Basic Rules of Baseball
- As mentioned before, there are two teams of nine players each.
- The positions of the team fielding are pitcher, catcher, first baseman, second baseman, shortstop, third baseman, and three outfielders at left field, centre field and right field.
- Games last for 9 innings of which both teams get to bat once.
- If the game is a tie after 9 innings then an extra inning will be added until a winner is found. If the team batting second in the bottom of the 9th inning are already ahead in points, then they do not need to complete their batting innings.
- The batting order cannot be changed throughout the game, once picked and finalised in the start. Substitutes are permitted, however, they must bat in the order of the previous player whom they replaced.
- If the batter manages to hit the ball from the pitcher, they must make an effort to at least get to first base.
- They can then run to as many bases as they wish before being tagged out. Each base must be touched with some part of the batter’s body when running past.
- A batter gets up to three strikes before getting out. A strike is deemed when a batter swings for a ball and misses it.
- The batter can leave the ball but, if it’s within a certain area (called the ‘strike zone’), then a strike will also be given. If four balls miss the strike zone and the batter does not swing their bat, they can walk to first base.
- When on base, the person who bats can run to the next base at any point.
What’s a strikeout ?
A strikeout occurs when a pitcher throws any combination of three swinging or looking strikes to a hitter.
The batter is automatically out on a strikeout, unless the catcher does not cleanly hold onto the baseball or if the baseball hits the dirt.
What’s a force out ?
A force-out is a putout during which a runner who is being forced to advance is tagged out, or is put out by a fielder who holds the ball while touching the base toward which the forced runner is advancing.
What’s a flyout ?
A flyout occurs when a batter hits the ball in the air (not including balls designated as line drives) and an opposing defender catches it before it hits the ground or fence.
What’s a tag out ?
A tag out is the put out of a runner, including the batter-runner, who is not in contact with his base when touched with a live ball, or with the glove or hand when the live ball is held securely therein by a fielder.
The ball is not considered as having been securely held if it is juggled or dropped after the touching unless the runner deliberately knocks the ball from the hand of the fielder.
Players can be dismissed by either a ‘strike out’, ‘force out’, ‘fly out’ and ‘tag outs’.
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